Meridian Park

An example of a Garden City park with heritage stonework structures

Opposite Tanilba House, Meridian Park showcases Henry F Halloran’s Garden City principles. Unlike typical chessboard layouts, his subdivisions emphasised aesthetics and community interaction. The park, featuring stonework seats and an informative shelter, reflects his vision for vibrant communal spaces. With ample public areas like parks, squares, and reserves, Halloran encouraged social engagement within his developments.

Stonework & Other Facilities in Meridian Park

Several stonework seats and plaques in Meridian Park pay homage to the Caswell & Halloran families, early pioneers who played a significant role in shaping the settlement of the area.

Lime Kiln

This lime kiln was used to cook oyster shells to produce slaked lime which was mixed with sand to make the mortar used in the construction of Tanilba House.

Lime is produced from oyster shells in a kiln through a process called “calcination.” Oyster shells that were gathered by convicts from the Tanilba foreshore were heated in a kiln to a very high temperature, causing the calcium carbonate to break down into calcium oxide (quicklime) and carbon dioxide.

The chemical equation to produce calcium oxide (quicklime) from calcium carbonate (oyster shells) through calcination is:

This process removes the carbon dioxide from the shells, leaving behind the calcium oxide, which is the lime. The lime was mixed with sand to make mortar. This mortar was used to build Tanilba House.

Why is there a Norfolk Island Pine in Meridian Park?

The Norfolk Island Pine in Meridian Park holds historical significance. Originally, plans for the Tanilba House Estate included a road leading to a jetty on the edge of Port Stephens. In June 1929, Henry F. Halloran planted Norfolk Island Pines, similar to those along the Avenue of the Allies, as part of a project by the Port Stephens Shire Council. While 114 trees were initially intended, only one pine remains in Meridian Park, marking the location where the road was planned. Additionally, a row of palms stands nearby.