victory view

Victory is the act of defeating an enemy or an opponent in a battle or war. 

Victory View

Victory View is named for the great strategic victory of World War 1 by the Allied Forces.

Victory Medal of Sgt Robert J Walker. Source: Public Domain

Who Was Victorious in World War I?

The Allies won World War I after four years of combat and the deaths of some 8.5 million soldiers because of battle wounds or disease.

The victory by the Allies in World War I was a result of a combination of military, economic, and diplomatic factors that ultimately led to the defeat of the Central Powers.

An American Relief entering Nesles, France 1918. National Archives at College Park Source: Wikimedia Commons Public Domain

Entry of the United States

The entry of the United States into the war in 1917 was a pivotal moment. The American Expeditionary Forces, under the command of General John J. Pershing, brought fresh troops, resources, and economic power to the Allied cause. The sheer size and industrial capacity of the United States played a crucial role in tipping the balance in favour of the Allies.

The Four Military Representatives of the Supreme War Council, Versailles, their Co’s, Secretaries, and Interpreters in session 1919. Author Herbert A Olivier. Imperial War Museum. Source: Wikipedia Commons

Coordination and Unity among Allies

The Allied powers, including France, the United Kingdom, Italy, and later the United States, demonstrated improved coordination and unity as the war progressed. The formation of the Supreme War Council and the appointment of Marshal Ferdinand Foch as Supreme Commander of the Allied Armies helped streamline decision-making and military coordination.

Types of ordnance. British guns – elevated position mobile mount at the front during World War I. August 1916. Author Hohn Warwick Brooke. Source: Wikimedia Commons

Technological and Tactical Innovations

The Allies adapted to the challenges of trench warfare with innovations such as improved artillery tactics, the use of tanks, and advancements in aviation. These innovations contributed to the success of offensives in the later stages of the war.

The German battleships ‘Markgraf’ and ‘Bayern’ in the Firth of Forth, November 1918
original art: drawing. Source: Wikimedia Commons Public Domain

Naval Blockade

The British Royal Navy maintained a successful blockade of Germany, restricting its access to essential resources and weakening its economy. The blockade, combined with the entry of the United States into the conflict, placed immense economic pressure on the Central Powers.

Captured German tank in WW1 battlefield Hindenburg Line. Circa 1918. Source family photo from the early part of 1900s. Source: Wikimedia Commons Public Domain

Successful Military Offensives

The Allies achieved success in a series of military offensives in 1918, known as the Hundred Days Offensive. This series of coordinated attacks, including the Battle of Amiens and the Breaking of the Hindenburg Line, pushed German forces back and inflicted significant losses.

German propaganda activities. Von Bissing, Governor General of Belgium, receiving the correspondents — the military officer who accompanies the correspondents with auto goggles on his cap. Source: Wikipedia Commons

Internal Strife in Central Powers

The Central Powers, particularly Germany and Austria-Hungary, faced internal challenges, including social unrest and mutinies. These factors weakened the cohesion of the Central Powers and contributed to their eventual collapse.

German prisoners of war, Messines, Belgium, 1917. Long rows of German soldiers are lined up diagonally across the picture. They are being watched from a high guard post behind them. Soldiers are lying watching them while an officer inspects them.

Scenes such as this were commonly used as propaganda, intended to reaffirm resolve against the enemy and reassure those at home. Source: Wikimedia Commons Public Domain

Impact of the Eastern Front

The collapse of the Eastern Front following the Russian Revolution allowed the Central Powers to shift forces to the Western Front. However, the end of hostilities on the Eastern Front freed up Allied forces, allowing them to focus on the Western Front and launch successful offensives.

German propaganda activities. A load of bread just coming from the field bakery of the Germans behind the French lines. A posed picture made at the “request” of the Germans. Author unknown. National Archives and Records Administration 1917-1918. Source: Wikipedia Commons

Political and Economic Factors

The war had taken a toll on the economies and societies of the Central Powers. Shortages of food, resources, and internal dissent weakened their ability to sustain the war effort.

Victory by the Allies in WW1

The combination of these factors led to the signing of the Armistice on November 11, 1918, marking the end of hostilities on the Western Front and the victory of the Allies in World War I.

The formal peace negotiations took place at the Paris Peace Conference, culminating in the signing of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. The treaty reshaped the map of Europe and imposed significant restrictions on Germany, marking the end of the war and shaping the post-war order.

World War One 5 How did the Allies win WWI. @mrgreen1066. Duration: 7 mins 7 secs.

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